E PLURIBUS UNUM
A set is a Many which allows itself to be thought of as a One.
GEORG CANTOR
Gesammelte Abhandlungen (1883)
ZERMELOFRAENKELSKOLEM
AXIOMS FOR SET THEORY
 AXIOM OF EXTENSIONALITY
Two sets are equal if and only if they have the same members.
 AXIOM OF UNORDERED PAIRS
The pairing of two sets is also a set.
 AXIOM OF SUBSETS
Any subset of a set is also a set.
 AXIOM OF THE SUM SET OR UNION
The union of sets is also a set.
 AXIOM OF THE POWER SET
The set of all subsets of a set is also a set.
 AXIOM OF INFINITY
There exists an infinte set.
 AXIOM OF REPLACEMENT
The image of a set is also a set.
 AXIOM OF REGULARITY
No set may be a member of itself.
 AXIOM OF CHOICE
For any set of mutually disjoint nonempty sets, there exists at least one set that contains exactly one element in common with each of the nonempty sets.
PHILIP J. DAVIS & REUBEN HERSH
The Mathematical Experience (1981)
RUSSELL'S PARADOX
The most famous is Russell's paradox. Most sets, it would seem,
are not members of themselves  for example, the set of walruses
is not a walrus, the set containing only Joan of Arc is not Joan
of Arc (a set is not a person)  and so on. In this respect, most
sets are rather "runofthemill". However, some "selfswallowing" sets
do contain themselves as members, such as the
set of all sets, or the set of all things except Joan of Arc, and
so on. Clearly, every set is either runofthemill or selfswallowing,
and no set can be both. Now nothing prevents us from
inventing R:
the set of all runofthemill sets. At first, R
might seem a rather runofthemill invention  but that opinion
must be revised when you ask yourself, "Is R itself a runofthemill set
or a selfswallowing set?" You will find that the answer
is: "R is neither runofthemill nor selfswallowing, for either choice
leads to paradox." Try it!
DOUGLAS R. HOFSTADTER
Gödel, Escher, Bach (1979)
The overall image he had of this activity was of two spheres, one
expanding outwards towards infinity, and the other contracting in
towards zero. The large one grew by continually doubling its
size, the smaller shrank by repeatedly halving its size ... and
they seemed to be endlessly drawing apart. But with a sudden
feeling of freedom and air, Vernor had the conviction that the two
spheres were on a direct collision course  that somehow the
sphere expanding outwards and the sphere contracting inwards
would meet and merge at some attainable point where Zero was
Infinity, where Nothing was Everything.
RUDY RUCKER
Spacetime Donuts (1981)
Thus while the eternal nonbeing leads toward the fathomless, the
eternal being conducts to the boundary.
LAOTZU
Tao Te Ching (604666)
MOON SUN
